Personalmanagement Theorien Konzepte Instrumente German


Personalmanagement, also known as human resource management (HRM), is a crucial function of every business organization and involves managing the workforce and ensuring that employees are motivated to achieve the organization's goals and objectives. Effective personal management is essential for an organization's success and competitiveness in the modern business world.

Historical Evolution of Personal Management Theories

Personal management theories have evolved over time, with different eras producing different theories, such as scientific management, behavioral management, and contingency management. These theories are still relevant today and have influenced contemporary HRM practices.

The Importance of Human Resource Management (HRM) in Organizations

HRM is an essential function of an organization as it deals with human capital, the most valuable asset of any organization. Effective HRM ensures that employees are motivated and committed to achieving the organization's goals and objectives.

Theories and Concepts of HRM

HRM theories and concepts focus on recruitment, selection, training, development, performance appraisal, and compensation and benefits. HRM practitioners use these theories to design and implement effective HRM strategies that align with the organization's goals and objectives.

HRM Strategic Planning and Implementation

To achieve organizational goals and objectives through effective HRM, businesses need to develop effective HRM strategies. The implementation of HRM strategies is not without its challenges, and businesses need to develop contingency plans to overcome these challenges.

Staffing, Recruitment, and Selection

Effective staffing, recruitment, and selection are critical to an organization's success. Theoretical concepts and practical instruments such as job analysis, recruitment methods, and selection tests help HRM practitioners in the recruitment process.

Training and Development

Employee training and development are critical to the success of an organization. Theoretical concepts such as the learning organization, employee orientation, and on-the-job training, and practical instruments such as training needs analysis, help businesses develop effective employee training and development programs.

Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisal is a significant aspect of HRM, and businesses use theoretical concepts and practical tools such as the balanced scorecard, management by objectives, and 360-degree feedback to measure employee performance and provide feedback.

Compensation and Benefits

Effective compensation and benefits systems are critical to attracting, retaining, and motivating employees. Theoretical concepts such as job evaluation and pay for performance, and practical instruments such as benefit packages, help businesses design and implement effective compensation and benefits systems.


Effective personal management practices are essential to an organization's success in the modern business world. Personal management theories and concepts provide HRM practitioners with the knowledge and tools to develop effective strategies that align with the organization's goals and objectives. Therefore, businesses must adopt effective personal management practices to remain competitive.