Active Skills for Reading 2 Neil J Anderson

Reading is an essential life skill that enables us to gain knowledge and information from various sources. It is a skill that we all learn during our early stages of formal education, but one that we continue to develop throughout our lives. Reading becomes a critical skill in higher education, professional life, and personal growth. As such, it is essential to develop active reading skills to succeed in any print or digital reading environment. Active reading skills demand an intentional and conscious effort to engage in reading. The "Active Skills for Reading 2" textbook by Neil J Anderson provides learners with an opportunity to develop skills that go beyond passive reading. This article will discuss the importance of active reading skills and how the textbook can help individuals develop them.

Overview of Active Reading Skills

Passive reading involves simply reading through text without paying much attention to the content. However, active reading requires the reader to engage with the content actively. Active reading is characterized by various skills that enable the reader to absorb information, analyze and evaluate the text. Active reading skills include pre-reading, during-reading, and post-reading skills, each of which plays a crucial role in the reading process.

Pre-Reading Active Skills

Pre-reading activities play a significant role in preparing a reader for the reading process. The primary goal of pre-reading activities is to help readers connect with the text before they begin reading. The three pre-reading active skills include questioning, previewing, and activating prior knowledge.

Questioning is the process of formulating and asking questions before beginning to read. Questioning helps the reader to preview and activate prior knowledge about the topic, and it also helps to create a sense of curiosity. Previewing involves a preliminary review of the material before reading to determine its structure, content, and vocabulary. Previewing is essential because it allows the reader to anticipate and prepare for the reading. Activating prior knowledge involves recalling and applying past knowledge or experiences to the reading material. Doing this helps to establish a connection between the reader and the text.

During-Reading Active Skills

During-reading activities occur while the reader is engaged in reading. These activities involve annotating, summarizing, and predicting. Annotating involves marking up or taking notes on the text while reading. Annotations can include underline, circle, or highlight textbooks. Summarizing involves paraphrasing or restating central ideas and supporting information in the text. Summarizing helps the reader to assimilate new information and make connections between ideas. Predicting involves anticipating what may occur next in the text. Predicting keeps the reader engaged with the content and can serve as a guide to the reader's understanding of the text.

Post-Reading Active Skills

Post-reading activities occur after the reader has finished reading the text. These activities involve evaluating, reflecting, and applying. Evaluating involves assessing the reading experience, looking at the strengths and weaknesses of the text, and providing feedback. Reflecting involves thinking about the reading experience, synthesizing the information, and connecting it to previous knowledge. Finally, applying involves transferring new knowledge to new contexts, such as using the information gained to solve problems in the real world.

Utilizing The Active Skills in Academic Reading and Beyond

Active reading skills taught in the "Active Skills for Reading 2" textbook can be applied to various reading tasks, including academic reading and beyond. In academic reading, active reading skills are vital in helping students understand complex texts and retain information long-term. Active reading skills can help make studying more efficient, increase engagement with the material, and encourage students to think critically. Beyond academic reading, active reading skills can be applied to professional reading, leisure reading, and even digital media consumption.

Chapter Breakdown and Developing Skills

The "Active Skills for Reading 2" textbook contains ten chapters, each covering different concepts. The first five chapters cover pre-reading skills, and the last five chapters cover during and post-reading skills. Chapter one covers questioning, chapter two covers previewing, chapter three covers activating prior knowledge, chapter four covers vocabulary development, and chapter five covers reading graphs, charts, and maps. Chapter six covers annotating, chapter seven covers summarizing, chapter eight covers predicting, chapter nine covers evaluating, and chapter ten covers reflecting and applying. Each chapter utilizes various exercises and strategies designed to develop specific reading skills.

Effectiveness of Active Reading

Research has shown that active reading skills are more effective than passive reading methods. Active reading helps readers engage with the material, comprehend better, and retain the information. Additionally, active reading can help readers develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, and increase their overall understanding of the material.

Challenges and Tips for Overcoming Them

Active reading skills require intentionality and effort, so learners may face challenges when learning them. Common challenges include difficulty focusing, reading at an appropriate pace, and staying engaged with the content. To overcome these challenges, learners can adopt strategies such as implementing a routine, using active reading strategies, and finding a genuine interest in the material.


Active reading skills are essential for every reader. They enable better comprehension, critical thinking, and long-term retention of information. The "Active Skills for Reading 2" textbook by Neil J Anderson provides learners with an opportunity to develop specific skills that go beyond passive reading. By utilizing pre-reading, during-reading, and post-reading activities, individuals can become more efficient and effective readers. Learners can apply active reading skills to academic reading, professional reading, and even leisure reading and media consumption. The benefits of active reading are numerous, and the challenges that learners may face can be overcome with the right strategies. The "Active Skills for Reading 2" textbook is an excellent resource for anyone seeking to improve their reading skills, and these skills will serve them well in many areas of their lives.